One new thing we’ve done in class this year is “unpacking” quizzes. Basically, students are able to preview an assessment before they take it and ask questions about it. The results have been encouraging, and the strategy has promoted good discussion among groups. In addition, I believe student anxiety has been reduced because there are no surprises about what will be assessed.
How does it work?
I print out one quiz (the exact quiz we will be taking) per group in the class (8 total quizzes for my classes because I have 8 groups of 4 in the room). After we complete our warm up, I hand one quiz to each group, and I set a 3 minute timer on my phone. The students are then released to talk in their groups about the quiz. I ask that they put writing utensils away, but they are allowed to discuss with their group how they’ll approach each question on the quiz. In addition, I tell them to think about questions they may have for me as they unpack together.
After the 3 minute timer is done, I begin to take questions from the groups and answer them as a whole class. During this time, we usually clarify what each question on the assessment is asking and discuss how we may get started on potentially confusing problems.
As soon as we are done with the whole class discussion, I take up all 8 quizzes, and we move on to the day’s lesson. Overall, the process takes about 5 minutes.
When is the best time to unpack?
I’ve tried two options so far, unpacking at the beginning of a unit and unpacking toward the end of a unit. I’ve found that the second option is better.
When I first started unpacking quizzes, we unpacked toward the beginning of a unit in order for students to know what was coming and, theoretically, think about what they needed as we went about the unit. However, I noticed there was much better discussion whenever we switched to unpacking quizzes toward the end of the unit. I think the discussion ends up being better because students now have some prior learning to pull from since we’ve been learning the concept for a few days. Therefore, more students have knowledge to share during group time. In addition, the sense of urgency is greater when the quiz date is approaching. I think this also helps promote better discussion.
So, I usually prefer to unpack 1 to 2 days before the assessment date.
A team of teachers in Bartlesville Public Schools came up with a great list of sentence starters you can display for students as they work together. Check out this Google Doc to see what they came up with!
- A district-run SpringBoard training